Absence seziures cause brief lapses in conciousness, sometimes with staring. This type of seziure is a brief disturbance of brain function, lasting only a few seconds. Absence seziures are more common in children than adults. They can be managed by anti-seziure medication. Some children outgrow absence seziures in their teens.
Selective mutism is a complex childhood disorder categorized by a child's inability to speak and communicate effectively in select social settings, such as the classroom. It is believed the behavior is a form of social disorder. It falls under Anxiety Disorders in the DSM-5.
Behavior Intervention Plan (BIP)
A BIP is designed from the results of a Functional Behavior Analysis (FBA), it is a specifically constructed legal document that identifies the interventions in place for modifying behaviors. All personnel who come in contact with the child should be familiar with the BIP.
Hyperlexia is the ability to read above average, often accompanied by a deficit in understanding spoken language. Hyperlexia can, and often does, coexist with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). A hyperlexic child presents with a precocious ability to read, beyond their age, the child may build words or spell beyond their age as well. Hyperlexia can be coupled with an intense fascination of letters and numbers.
Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD)
Children with Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD) struggle to organize information from their senses to their brain. Symptons can be a sensitivity to sights, sounds, textures, flavors, smells, and other sensory input. This may look different in each child; one child may smell a strong cheese from someone elses plate at a restaurant and have to leave, while another may sniff permenant markers to satisfy their senses. A t-shirt tag may cause a reaction as severe as a knife, while the same child may repeatedly crash their body to the ground to gain a different type of input.
A child who has been recieving special education services, or related services as per their Individualized Education Plan (IEP), can be declassified when those services are no longer deemed necessary.
Individualized Education Plan (IEP)
An Individualized Education Plan (IEP) is a legal document that identifies what special services a child requires to learn. Specific goals for your child are included, as well as how those goals will be measured. Related services are included on an IEP. An IEP is constructed with input from parents, related service providers, general educators, special educators, and school administrators.
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
Autism is a developmental disorder which produces social, communication, and behavioral challenges. Autism has a wide 'spectrum' of symptoms and levels of severity. A "reliable" diagnosis can now be made at the age of 2. According to the DSM-5, an ASD diagnosis now encompasses what was previously known as Asperger's & PDD-NOS.
Dyslexia is a language based learning difference. Dyslexia can affect letter recognition, decoding, fluency, comprehension, recall, writing, and spelling. Reading and language-based processing skills are affected. These struggles have absolutely no connection to overall intelligence.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
A chronic condition including attention difficulty and/or hyperactivity and/or impulsivity.
Occupational Therapy (OT)
Occupational Therapists evaluate a child's skills and abilities for play and daily activities. They set goals and work with children to perform daily activities they may find challenging by targeting sensory, social, behavioral, motor, and environmental issues. Pediatric OT's support infants, toddlers, children, youth, and their families in homes, clinics, and schools.
Physical Therapy (PT)
A Pediatric Physical Therapist works closely with the child and family to assist each child in reaching their maximum potential to function independently and promote active participation at home, school, and in the community. PT's target gross motor muscles in the body that directly correlate to the core, range of motion, flexibility, and balance. Therapy takes place in the home, school, or community.
Speech and Language Therapy (ST)
Speech and Language Therapy is conducted by a Speech and Language Pathologist (SLP). Pediatric SLP's work to assess, evaluate, diagnose, and treat speech, language, voice, social-communication, cognitive-communication, and swallowing disorders in children.
Down Syndrome is a chromosomal condition caused by a third copy of chromosome 21, also known as trisomy 21.
Early Intervention (EI)
Early Intervention is a wide range of targeted services that supports young children who have developmental delays or disabilities. EI services are provided by professionals in fields including, but not limited to, OT, PT, ST, and ABA.
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Breaking down a task step by step to it's smallest pieces.